(meteorobs) [ASTRO] Cornell News: Contour comet mission approved

This repost from the ASTRO list provides a few more details on the
exciting CONTOUR mission mentioned in the last CCNet excerpts...

Lew Gramer

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Date: Wed, 16 Feb 2000 18:10:09 -0500
Subject: [ASTRO] Cornell News: Contour comet mission approved

Date: Wed, 16 Feb 2000 16:31:00 -0500
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Subject: Cornell News: Contour mission approved
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NASA gives go-ahead to Cornell-led 2002 mission to explore comets

FOR RELEASE:  Feb. 16, 2000

Contact:  David Brand
Office:  (607) 255-3651
E-mail:  deb27@cornelldot edu

ITHACA, N.Y. -- NASA has given the go-ahead for the Cornell University-led
Comet Nucleus Tour, or Contour, mission. The agency said the mission has
passed a critical review and the building of the spacecraft can begin.

Cornell will lead and direct the $158 million mission to conduct
close-proximity comet flybys. The spacecraft is scheduled for launch in
July 2002, with the precise launch date to be decided in the next year or

The principal investigator on the mission is Joseph Veverka, professor of
astronomy at Cornell and chair of the astronomy department. Other Cornell
researchers on the team are Steven W. Squyres, professor of astronomy, who
will interpret the geology of the comets; James Bell, assistant professor
of astronomy, who will interpret the spectral maps of the comets; and Peter
C. Thomas, senior research associate, who is a leading expert in
determining the size and shape of irregular objects like comets.

David Jarrett of NASA's Discovery Program, said, "After successful
completion of both the preliminary design review and an independent
confirmation assessment, the Contour team is well on its way toward
completing the spacecraft design."

The launching of Contour is timed to encounter and study Comet Encke in
November 2003 and Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann-3 in June 2006.  The mission
has the flexibility to include a flyby of Comet d'Arrest in 2008 or to
retarget itself to approach an unforeseen cometary visitor to the inner
solar system.  Mission scientists are hopeful they will have the
opportunity to study a newly discovered comet, such as Comet Hale-Bopp,
which was discovered by amateur astronomers in 1995.

The spacecraft, to be launched aboard a Delta rocket, will be outfitted
with a solar array for power and a high-gain antenna for communication with
Earth. The Contour spacecraft will venture about 30 million miles from
Earth to study the comets. Building of the spacecraft at the Applied
Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University, which is managing the
mission, begins this month.

The nucleus of a comet is its heart, believed by scientists to be a tiny,
irregular chunk of ice and rock.  To date only one comet nucleus has ever
been viewed with a spacecraft:  Comet Halley in 1986.  The spacecraft will
fly past at least two comets and take far better pictures than those of
Halley.  It will also collect and analyze dust to reveal the comet's
makeup, greatly improving our knowledge of key characteristics of comet
nuclei and providing an assessment of their diversity.

The mission also will clear up the many mysteries of how comets evolve as
they approach the Sun and their ices begin to evaporate.

The spacecraft will fly by each comet at the peak of its activity, close to
the Sun. During each encounter, the target comet will also be well situated
in the night sky for astronomers worldwide to make concurrent observations
from the ground.  The spacecraft will fly by each comet at a distance of
about 100 kilometers (62 miles).

	Related World Wide Web sites:  The following sites provide
additional information on this news release.  Some might not be part of the
Cornell University community, and Cornell has no control over their content
or availability.

	-- Comet Nucleus Tour:

<http://stardust.jpl.nasadot gov/comets/Contour.html>

	-- NASA Discovery Program: <http://discovery.nasadot gov>

- -30-

The web version of this release may be found at

http://www.news.cornelldot edu/releases/Feb00/Contour.cudot deb.html

Cornell University News Service
Surge 3
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
cunews@cornelldot edu
http://www.news.cornelldot edu

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